What are dental braces? Braces refer to removable or fixed orthodontic appliances normally utilized to correct a variety of teeth defects like the alignment of the teeth and sting. Dental braces can be put on the lower side, upper side or both sides depending on the kind of correction required.
These braces can be utilized together with different types of orthodontic appliances used in extending of the palate or jaws, forming the jaws and teeth as well as creating spaces between the teeth. Usually, dental braces apply pressure on the teeth thus transferring them into the necessary direction to be able to achieve the ideal bite in addition to alignment.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BRACES AVAILABLE?
Advancement in dental technology has resulted in the invention of different kinds of braces which range from clear to tooth-colored, ceramic braces to metal braces hence providing broad selection based on the needs. Various Kinds of braces include:
Plastic or metal braces: these are dental braces composed of either plastic or metal material.
Under this category, you will find: Stainless metal braces which are especially intended for those individuals not allergic to metal and are thought of as the most common because of their market and ruggedness.
Ceramic braces: these dental braces consist of high tech glass-like composite element or material is hence being rather expensive when compared to other braces. Ceramic braces are extremely robust and capable of resisting to many stains, except those stains due to curry, smoking, foods, coke and coffee, etc..
Sapphire brand braces: pure monocrystalline sapphire is used to produce this sort of braces. They are quite powerful, translucent and capable of resisting most stains except those arising because of smoking, food, etc.. braces blend in quite nicely with the individual’s teeth hence being unnoticeable especially when the individual has white teeth. These attributes make sapphire braces to become rather expensive over other kinds of braces.
Conventional silver braces: these are the most popular and most frequent style of braces, comprising of the most recent bracket designs and operation hence creating precise and most efficient teeth motion. Anyway, they can be decorated via different color patterns and combinations in accordance with the user specification or through utilization of computer-generated templates.
Gold braces: these kinds of metal braces consist of golden archwires and are largely preferred because of their aesthetic appeal.
Invisible braces: these kinds of dental braces are considered perfect for those patients not having severe malocclusions. They contain custom-made therapy trays fabricated based on the jaw’s structure using a computer. They are normally invisible/un-noticeable and are usually set on the front side of their teeth. Usually, invisible braces are resistant to stains and do irritate. Clearstep, Invisalign and just fall under invisible braces.
Lingual braces: These braces are often placed right behind the rear side of the teeth. They are traditional kind of metal braces comprising wires even though they aren’t typically visible from the outer side of the teeth hence being unnoticeable.
Other diverse kinds of braces include: bands that wrap the teeth makes utilizing metal rings, Inman aligners generally used for minor teeth problems and finally friction-free Damon braces intended for straightening teeth.
WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE FOR PLACING THE DENTAL BRACES?
There are various phases involved in the placement of dental procedure including:
First consultation: this is the first step and involves first extermination, x-ray of their teeth and mouth and discussion concerning dental history. It encompasses a few activities beginning from x-ray, moulds to making teeth impression so as to have a clear view of the issue hence selecting the proper/ best course of action.
This is the next step and involves: use of etchant into the teeth braced to permit the cement to adhere to the surface of the tooth, application of a bracket on a tooth using a dental grade cement followed by curing of the cement with a light till it hardens completely, and threading of an archwire between the brackets in addition to attaching metal bands or colored elastic to help change the midline, pull teeth or ligaments strongly into the necessary direction and to close open bites.
Adjusting the braces
Here, alterations of braces in regular intervals are carried out to allow the teeth to move to the ideal direction; followed by elimination of rubber bands. The archwire is then altered, replaced or removed and restored to the mouth, then fixation of fresh rubber bands i.e. into the metallic brackets is completed.
This is the final step which entails wearing of retainers following the removal of braces to prevent teeth relapse since gums and bones require more time to stabilize. The patient’s condition determines the interval where these retainers should be worn.